Filipino Mythical Creatures

Filipino mythical creatures invite us into a realm of magic, mystery, and cultural richness. They’re not just spooky characters from old tales, but pivotal figures in the Philippines’ vibrant heritage, bringing history and imagination together.

These creatures, told of in hushed whispers or bold narratives, bridge the gap between the supernatural and the everyday, adding a layer of thrill to Filipino culture.

Prepare yourself for an exciting adventure. First, we’ll meet the elusive Tikbalang, a creature half-human, half-horse, known for its playful and sometimes confusing tricks. Next, we encounter the infamous Aswang, a fearsome shape-shifter prowling in the shadows, whose story sends shivers down the spine. And we can’t forget the Diwata, gentle spirits safeguarding nature, teaching us about respect for our surroundings.

Through the lens of these Filipino mythical creatures, we’ll explore fascinating stories that have shaped the Philippines’ identity and culture. Each creature, each tale, offers a glimpse into the country’s unique character and rich traditions.

These are the well-known and lesser-known Filipino mythical creatures from the Philippines that are frequently mentioned by the locals.

filipino mythical creatures

1. Tikbalang: Filipino Mythical Creatures

The Tikbalang is a fascinating creature deeply rooted in Filipino folklore. This creature is often depicted as a tall, brawny beast. Its most striking feature is its horse-like head and human body. Additionally, it has large, strong limbs, similar to a horse’s, which it uses to prance around.

Now, let’s move to its habitat. The Tikbalang is said to live in the deep parts of the forest. They prefer areas that are dense and remote. It is believed that they like to stay close to large trees, especially the Balete tree, a type of tree considered sacred in the Philippines.

Another interesting aspect is their behavior. Tikbalangs are known for their mischievous nature. They love to confuse travelers and lead them astray. If you find yourself going in circles in the forest, a Tikbalang might be playing tricks on you.

But don’t worry, there’s a way to outsmart them. Local folklore suggests that if you turn your shirt inside out, you can counteract their tricks. Doing this breaks the Tikbalang’s spell and allows you to find your way again.

In terms of their role in society, Tikbalangs serve as a cautionary figure. They remind us to respect nature and not to wander into unknown territories unprepared. They symbolize the mysteries and dangers that the deep forest can hold.

2. Manananggal: Filipino Mythical Creatures

The Manananggal is a Filipino mythical creature with a unique ability to split its body in half. It’s often depicted as a female monster with wings and a long tongue. The word “manananggal” comes from the Tagalog word “tanggal” which means to separate or to remove.

According to legend, the Manananggal preys on pregnant women and young children. It flies at night, using its wings to search for victims. Once it finds its prey, it lands and uses its long tongue to suck the heart of the pregnant woman or the blood of the child. The Manananggal is said to have a strong aversion to garlic, salt, and vinegar, which can be used to ward it off.

The creature is also known for its ability to detach its upper body from its lower body. It usually does this by sitting on a roof or a tree and then detaching its torso from its legs. The lower half remains on the roof or tree while the upper half, with its wings, flies off in search of prey. If the lower half of the Manananggal is destroyed or drowned in salt water, the creature will die.

In Filipino folklore, the Manananggal is often used as a cautionary tale to keep children from wandering around at night. It’s also a popular subject in horror movies and television shows. Despite its terrifying reputation, the Manananggal remains a fascinating part of Filipino mythology.

3. Aswang: Filipino Mythical Creatures

Aswangs are shape-shifters. They change into animals at night. Often, they take the form of a large dog or a pig. They maintain a human form during the day. This lets them blend in with the community.

What makes Aswangs feared is their diet. They feed on human and animal organs. The most frightening aspect is their preference for the unborn. Pregnant women are their prime targets.

They use their long, thread-like tongue to feed. At night, they use this to suck out the hearts of fetuses. This is a terrifying image that has haunted the Philippine culture for centuries.

Aswangs also have superhuman strength and speed. They are hard to kill. Folklore suggests garlic, salt, and religious artifacts as defenses. People use these items to protect their homes.

The Aswang is not just a character in bedtime stories. It’s a reminder to stay safe during the night. It’s a testament to the rich and colorful folklore of the Philippines.

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4. Kapre: Filipino Mythical Creatures

This creature is often described as a giant, towering at about 7 to 9 feet tall. It’s a sight to behold, with its distinct dark brown or black skin.

The Kapre is also unique in its habitat. It is said to live in big, ancient trees. These are usually balete trees or mango trees. The creature loves to stay in the branches, watching people from a distance. Imagine a giant just observing you from a tree. It’s a mix of exciting and terrifying, right?

Another key feature of the Kapre is its glowing red eyes. Imagine walking at night, then suddenly, you see red lights from a tree. It might just be the eyes of a Kapre watching you. This creature is also known to love smoking. People often say they see a Kapre with a large cigar.

In terms of behavior, Kapres are not usually harmful. They like to play pranks on people. For example, they might make you lose your way in the woods. But don’t worry, they don’t want to hurt you. They just want a bit of fun.

5. Duwende: Filipino Mythical Creatures

The duwende is a well-known Filipino mythical creature. They are tiny beings, often likened to dwarves or gnomes. It’s said that they live underground, in small mounds or anthills. These dwellings are locally known as ‘punso.’

Just like people, duwendes come in different types. Some are friendly, while others can be mischievous or downright malicious. Filipinos call the good ones ‘duwendeng puti‘, or white dwarves. They are known to bring luck and blessings. On the other hand, the ‘duwendeng itim‘ or black dwarves are the ones to watch out for. They are known to be naughty and can bring harm or bad luck.

Many Filipinos believe in the duwende. They show respect by saying “tabi-tabi po” when passing near a punso. This phrase means “excuse me” or “let me pass.” This practice is rooted in the belief that offending a duwende can lead to misfortune or illness.

Despite their size, duwendes are powerful creatures in Filipino folklore. The stories about them serve as reminders to respect all beings, seen or unseen. They are a significant part of the rich tapestry of Filipino mythology.

6. Diwata: Filipino Mythical Creatures

The Diwata is a key figure in Philippine folklore. They are often seen as beautiful, ethereal beings. Similar to fairies or nymphs, they possess supernatural powers.

Typically, a Diwata is viewed as a guardian of nature. They live in forests, mountains, seas, and the sky. They are the protectors of these realms. Their purpose is to ensure harmony and balance in nature.

Furthermore, people believe that Diwatas can bring either blessings or curses. They bestow good fortune on those who respect nature. On the other hand, those who harm their realms face their wrath. Therefore, many Filipinos take care not to offend these creatures.

Finally, the Diwata’s role in Filipino culture is profound. They are part of many folktales and traditions. These stories remind people of the importance of respecting nature. It’s a timeless lesson that continues to resonate today.

7. Nuno sa Punso: Filipino Mythical Creatures

The term “Nuno sa Punso” comes from the beautiful Philippines. It is composed of two parts. “Nuno” translates to “ancestor,” and “Punso” means “anthill.” So, it directly translates to “ancestor in the anthill.”

This creature is quite unique. It’s not like your typical mythical beast. Instead, it is an old, dwarf-like being. It resides in mounds of soil, often anthills or termite mounds. These are the punso, the homes of the Nuno.

Now, why are they important? In Filipino culture, respect for elders is paramount. The Nuno is seen as an elder, a wise entity. And like all elders, they demand respect. Disrespecting a Nuno can lead to misfortune or illness.

To avoid this, you might hear Filipinos say “Tabi, tabi po, Nuno” when passing a mound. This phrase is a polite way of saying “Excuse me, Nuno.” It’s a sign of respect, a way to avoid disturbing the Nuno.

But the Nuno isn’t all bad. If you respect it, it can reward you. Some stories say that it bestows good luck or even gifts to those who show it kindness.

8. Bakunawa: Filipino Mythical Creatures

Let’s start! The Bakunawa is a fascinating creature from Filipino folklore. It’s known as a sea serpent or dragon. This creature is very large and has a mouth as wide as a lake. The Bakunawa is unique because it is not only a creature but also an event.

Here’s why. According to the old stories, the Bakunawa was mesmerized by the beauty of the seven moons. Yes, in these tales, Earth had seven moons! So, the Bakunawa rose from the sea and ate these moons. This act caused what we know as an eclipse. When the Filipinos saw an eclipse, they believed it was the Bakunawa eating the moon.

But the story doesn’t end there. When the Bakunawa tried to eat the last moon, the humans on Earth made a lot of noise. They beat on their pots and pans. They shouted and screamed. This noise scared the Bakunawa, causing it to spit out the moon and dive back into the sea. That’s why we still have one moon today!

So, the Bakunawa doesn’t just represent a mythical creature. It also explains a natural phenomenon: the lunar eclipse. Through the Bakunawa, we see how our ancestors used stories to understand the world around them. These stories, like the one of the Bakunawa, are an important part of Filipino culture. They remind us of our rich history and unique heritage.

9. Sarangay: Filipino Mythical Creatures

The Sarangay is a fascinating creature from Filipino folklore. As a mythical beast, it has a unique appearance. It looks like a gigantic bull, but it’s not your ordinary bovine. The Sarangay is special.

This creature has a large pair of horns. But here’s the catch. These aren’t just average horns. They’re made of precious metals. Yes, you heard it right, precious metals. They’re not just for show, though. These horns hold a special power.

When the Sarangay becomes agitated, its horns start to glow. They get hotter and hotter, glowing with an intense light. This is a clear warning sign. If you see glowing horns, you’d better watch out!

The Sarangay is not just about its horns, though. It’s also known for its strength and ferocity. It’s one of the strongest creatures in Filipino mythology. Going toe to toe with a Sarangay? You might want to think twice.

In many stories, the Sarangay is portrayed as a guardian. It protects treasures and sacred grounds. If you cross its path, it won’t back down. It’s ready to fight to keep its charge safe.

10. Berberoka: Filipino Mythical Creatures

The Berberoka is a fascinating creature from Filipino folklore. Often found in bodies of water, this mythical being is unique to the Philippines.

To start with, the Berberoka looks like an enormous octopus or a gigantic water buffalo. It has a massive body, and its size can be quite intimidating. This creature also has a unique way of catching its prey.

The Berberoka sucks all the water from a pond or river. As a result, the fish become visible, lying helplessly on the dry ground. This sight then attracts unsuspecting villagers. When people come to collect the fish, the Berberoka strikes. It releases the water back into the river or pond, causing a sudden flood. The people are swept away and become the Berberoka’s meal.

Despite its terrifying nature, the Berberoka is not without weaknesses. It is said to be afraid of crabs. Therefore, carrying a crab can ward off this creature. This simple defense tactic forms part of the local wisdom passed down through generations.

11. Sigbin: Filipino Mythical Creatures

The Sigbin is a mysterious creature steeped in Filipino folklore. It’s a prominent part of our rich tapestry of mythical beings. Imagine a creature that looks like a goat but with the body of a kangaroo. That’s how most folks describe the Sigbin.

This creature comes out at night, a time when most Filipino mythical creatures are said to roam. The Sigbin likes to stay in the shadows, hiding from human eyes. It’s believed to bring luck to its owner but at a cost.

Some stories say that the Sigbin has a long tail. With this tail, it can whip out to catch its prey. It’s also said to have large ears, which can clap like a pair of hands. The Sigbin’s appearance is truly a sight to behold.

The Sigbin’s diet is a bit chilling. It doesn’t eat the usual food. Instead, it likes to feed on the hearts and livers of animals. Even more unnerving, some tales claim it also preys on humans.

Despite its frightening reputation, some people seek the Sigbin. They believe owning one can bring wealth and power. Yet, owning a Sigbin is not an easy task. It needs a special cage made from bamboo and a white cloth from a widow.

12. Wakwak: Filipino Mythical Creatures

The Wakwak is a shape-shifter. Commonly, it’s seen as a bird-like being. However, it can change its form, often taking on a human appearance. This creature is famous for its unique call. Its cry, sounding like “wak-wak,” is a signal of its presence. It’s this chilling sound that gave the creature its name.

Now, let’s talk about the Wakwak’s peculiar habits. It’s a night creature, preferring the cover of darkness. When the sun sets and the moon rises, the Wakwak begins its hunt. People believe that it feeds on the hearts of humans. The scarier part? The louder its call, the farther it is. If its cry seems faint, it means the Wakwak is near.

There’s more to it. The Wakwak is believed to be a kind of ‘Aswang,’ another Filipino mythical creature. Aswangs are known as shape-shifters and tricksters. They, like the Wakwak, are creatures of the night.

The Wakwak, despite its terrifying reputation, is a reflection of Filipino culture. It showcases the rich and diverse folklore of the Philippines. These tales passed down through generations, continue to both fascinate and terrify us. While the Wakwak might scare us, it’s an important part of the tapestry that makes up Filipino mythology.

13. Ungo: Filipino Mythical Creatures

The “Ungo” is a fascinating part of Filipino folklore. Imagine a creature that gives you shivers in the night. That’s the Ungo for you. It’s a mythical beast known in the Visayas region of the Philippines.

What does an Ungo look like? Let’s find out. It often takes the form of a giant, scary-looking man. But it’s not your ordinary giant. The Ungo has a single large eye in the middle of its forehead. Quite unusual, right?

Now, let’s talk about its behavior. The Ungo is known to be a night creature. It loves the cover of darkness. When the sun sets, that’s when it comes out. It roams around the fields and forests.

But what’s its purpose? Well, the Ungo is said to scare or harm humans. It’s a frightening figure used to warn people. Especially those who wander off late at night or those who don’t obey their elders. It’s a lesson in disguise.

Is it all scary? Not really. Turns out, the Ungo can also be a protector. In some tales, it guards treasures and special places. So, it can be a friend or a foe. It all depends on the story being told.

14. Amalanhig: Filipino Mythical Creatures

The Amalanhig is a captivating mythical creature from the rich folklore of the Philippines. Let’s dive into its fascinating narrative.

This creature, you see, is a type of aswang or ghoul, feared and respected. Notably, it’s unique because it doesn’t transform into animals, unlike other aswangs. Instead, it keeps its human-like form, a terrifying sight for the wary.

Imagine this scene. An Amalanhig appears like a regular person. But look closer, and you’ll see its skin is hard, resembling the bark of a tree. Indeed, it’s a creature that can send chills down your spine.

But it gets even more spine-tingling. The Amalanhig doesn’t just roam aimlessly. Instead, it hunts for prey. It’s said to chase after anyone who steps on its grave. A chilling thought, isn’t it?

When it catches its prey, it uses its sharp, long nails to pierce the victim. The Amalanhig then sucks out the life force, leaving nothing but a lifeless body.

However, there’s a glimmer of hope. The Amalanhig is not a fast runner. In fact, it’s quite slow. So, if you’re quick enough, you can escape its clutches.

Moreover, there’s a trick to confuse the Amalanhig. It’s simple, really. Just run in zigzag patterns. The creature, bewildered, will lose track of you, giving you the chance to flee.

15. Pugot: Filipino Mythical Creatures

First things first, the Pugot is known in Filipino folklore as a dark, hairy giant. This creature holds a place in the rich tapestry of Filipino legends. It’s often depicted as a monster that lives in large trees, old buildings, or unused caves.

What’s more, the Pugot is said to be headless. But, don’t let it fool you. This creature is no mere ghost. It’s a formidable being with a fearsome reputation. It’s believed to scare away anyone who dares to cross its path.

The Pugot’s headless depiction adds to its terror factor. Can you imagine it? A towering, headless figure emerges from the shadows. It’s truly the stuff of nightmares. The Pugot is not just a frightening sight; it’s also thought to bring bad luck or misfortune.

Moreover, the Pugot has a unique trait. It’s known for its ability to shape-shift. This means it can change its form to deceive or frighten humans. One moment it’s a headless giant, the next it could be a harmless animal.

16. Mangkukulam: Filipino Mythical Creatures

First off, what is a mangkukulam? In simple terms, a mangkukulam is a person who practices witchcraft or sorcery. They have a notorious reputation in the Philippines. The power they wield is often associated with dark magic.

Now, let’s talk about their abilities. A mangkukulam has the power to inflict harm on others. They do this by using personal items from their targets. Often, they use these items in rituals to cause physical pain or illness.

So, where do they come from? The tales of the mangkukulam are widespread across the Philippines. They are often described as living in remote areas. There, they can practice their magic away from prying eyes.

But, what’s their purpose? Well, it varies. Some mangkukulam use their powers for revenge. Others might do it out of jealousy. However, some do it for money, offering their services to those willing to pay.

Lastly, how can one protect oneself? Filipinos often turn to faith for protection. They use prayers, blessed items, or visit spiritual healers. These methods are believed to counteract the effects of the mangkukulam’s magic.

17. Tiktik: Filipino Mythical Creatures

The “tiktik” is a truly fascinating Filipino mythical creature. It’s famous in the Philippines, especially in the rural areas. This creature is known for its unique characteristics and chilling tales.

To begin with, the tiktik is not your typical mythical creature. It’s said to transform from a beautiful woman into a terrifying monster. This ability to switch forms is a key feature it possesses.

Next, let’s examine its hunting habits. The tiktik loves to feast on the hearts of unborn children. It uses its long, flexible tongue to reach its targets. By night, it prowls on the rooftops, seeking its next meal.

Moreover, its name, ‘tiktik‘, is derived from the sound it makes. It’s a trickster, using the sound to confuse its victims. The louder the sound, the farther it is, contrary to what one might expect.

Furthermore, a tiktik can be fended off with garlic and salt. Filipinos believe these items repel evil spirits, including this creature. So, a common defense is to surround one’s home with these deterrents.

18. Bungisngis: Filipino Mythical Creatures

Bungisngis‘ is a fascinating mythical creature from the Philippines. Its name comes from the Filipino term ‘ngisi,’ which means ‘to giggle.’ This creature is known for its unusual habit. It laughs all the time!

To paint a picture of what it looks like, let’s start with its face. Bungisngis has one big eye in the middle of its forehead. It also has two long, prominent teeth that stick out of its mouth. Its body, on the other hand, resembles that of a human. Yet, it’s bigger and somewhat bulkier.

Now, let’s talk about its behavior. The Bungisngis are said to be quite simple-minded and gullible. It’s not a creature you’d consider clever or cunning. Also, it seems to find almost everything amusing. That’s why it’s always laughing!

Despite its odd appearance, the Bungisngis isn’t typically seen as a threatening creature. It’s more of a comic figure in Filipino folklore. Its constant laughter and gullible nature often lead it into funny situations.

19. Santelmo: Filipino Mythical Creatures

The Santelmo, short for “Santo Elmo,” is a fiery, ghost-like being. It’s seen as a ball of fire, glowing brightly in the dead of night. Its name comes from Saint Elmo, a Christian saint. Saint Elmo is the patron of sailors. He’s often linked with St. Elmo’s fire, a weather phenomenon at sea. Sailors saw these glowing balls of light as a sign. It was either a good omen or a bad one.

Now, let’s delve a bit deeper into the nature of the Santelmo. In the Philippines, people believe it to be a spirit. It’s not just any spirit, though. It’s the spirit of a person who passed away suddenly. Often, this person died without receiving any last rites. As a result, the Santelmo is seen as lost. It hovers around, unable to find peace.

In some stories, the Santelmo leads people astray. It appears in places where it shouldn’t be. It confuses anyone who encounters it. Suddenly, you’re lost in a place you thought you knew. That’s the tricky nature of the Santelmo.

Despite its eerie nature, the Santelmo is not always seen as evil. Some see it as a lantern, guiding lost souls to the afterlife. It’s a beacon in the darkness, a light for those wandering aimlessly.

20. Bal-Bal: Filipino Mythical Creatures

The Filipino mythical creature, the Bal-Bal, is one of the Philippines’ unique mythical beasts. It’s a creature known for its unusual habits. This creature is also called the ‘ghoul‘ in English. Now, let’s dive deeper into its characteristics.

Firstly, the Bal-Bal looks like a typical person during the day. However, it transforms into a monstrous creature at night. It has large, bat-like wings, sharp claws, and a long, thin tongue. This night-time transformation is when the Bal-Bal becomes truly terrifying.

Secondly, the Bal-Bal is not just a scary creature. It has a specific, disturbing behavior. This ghoul is famous for its grave-robbing habits. It digs up fresh graves and devours the bodies. But, it doesn’t stop there.

After eating, the Bal-Bal does something truly bizarre. It leaves behind a duplicate of the dead person, made from banana trunks. This creature does this to trick the family members of the deceased. It’s a crafty creature, indeed.

Lastly, the Bal-Bal is believed to have a strong, foul smell. This smell is said to be a sign of its presence. So, if you smell something horrible, the Bal-Bal might be nearby.

21. Batibat: Filipino Mythical Creatures

The Batibat is a fascinating creature from Filipino mythology. It’s not your typical mythical creature. It comes with a unique twist. It lives inside a post of an old house or tree. So, if you’re living in an old, traditional Filipino house, be aware!

A Batibat is often described as a large, higher-weight woman. But don’t let her size fool you. She’s not as harmless as she looks. When she wants to, she can do some pretty scary things. At night, she transforms. She slips out of the post she calls home. She visits sleeping humans. Her target? People who have recently moved the post or tree where she lives.

This is where things get really scary. The Batibat sits on the chest of her victim. She causes nightmares, difficulty breathing, and even death. It’s a terrifying experience, known as “bangungot” or “sudden unexpected death during sleep” in Filipino culture.

But there’s good news. Filipinos have found ways to ward off the Batibat. They believe that wiggling your toes or biting your thumb can drive her away. It’s a simple but effective method, passed down through generations.

In the end, the Batibat embodies the blend of fear and respect that Filipinos have for their surroundings and their past. It’s a reminder of the deep-rooted belief in the supernatural that still exists in many parts of the country.

So, the next time you find yourself in an old Filipino house, remember the Batibat. Be mindful of her. And if you ever feel a heavy weight on your chest during the night, don’t forget to wiggle your toes or bite your thumb!

22. Pasatsat: Filipino Mythical Creatures

The “Pasatsat” is a unique mythical creature from Filipino folklore. It’s a term that comes from the Pangasinan province, located in the northern part of the Philippines. The term “pasatsat” actually means “to stab.” Here, let’s delve deeper into the story of this intriguing being.

In the past, the Philippines suffered from a lack of resources during the Second World War. As a result, people couldn’t afford coffins. They would wrap their deceased loved ones in reed mats instead. The spirit of these departed ones, unable to rest, transformed into the Pasatsat.

The Pasatsat is often depicted as a ghost. It takes the form of the deceased, still wrapped in the reed mat. This creature haunts deserted areas at night. It’s known to roam near the place of its death, seeking to interact with the living.

It’s important to note that the Pasatsat is not generally considered harmful. However, its appearance can be terrifying. When people encounter a Pasatsat, they often feel paralyzed by fear. This is a common theme with many spirits in Filipino folklore.

According to local beliefs, there is a way to calm the Pasatsat. You need to unwrap the reed mat covering its body. This act is believed to help the spirit find peace. Once the mat is unwrapped, the Pasatsat supposedly disappears, finally finding the rest it seeks.

23. Engkanto

First, let’s outline what an Engkanto is. They are supernatural beings, often portrayed as enchanting and beautiful. They live in a parallel world to ours. This world is often depicted as a mesmerizing, magical realm.

Now, let’s talk about their nature. Engkantos are known to be playful yet unpredictable. They can either bring good fortune or inflict harm. It all depends on how humans treat them. Respect towards Engkantos is highly emphasized in Filipino folklore.

Moving on to their appearance, it’s quite captivating. Most Engkantos are described as fair-skinned with blonde or white hair. They are often compared to Western depictions of faeries or elves. But remember, they have their unique Filipino twist.

Let’s discuss their interaction with humans. Sometimes, Engkantos develop a fascination for humans. They may even fall in love with them. During such times, they might offer gifts or invite their human love interest to their world. But be warned, accepting these invitations can lead to unforeseen consequences.

Lastly, how can you avoid offending an Engkanto? It’s simple. Show them respect and refrain from damaging nature. Many believe that Engkantos are guardians of the environment. So, harming nature can incur their wrath.

24. Multo

This term is the Filipino word for ghost. It’s a key part of the country’s rich folklore.

Now, let’s imagine a typical ‘multo‘. They were once humans, just like you and me. Death took them from our world. Yet, their spirits didn’t leave. They stayed behind. They became visible to the living. Most often, they appear at night.

They can be playful or mischievous. Sometimes, they become angry and terrified. It all depends on their mood. Just like us, they have feelings too.

But why do they stay? Filipino folklore offers some answers. Some ‘multo‘ are trapped here due to unfinished business. Others are here because of the tragic way they died. Still, others linger because of unresolved conflicts.

Despite their scary reputation, ‘multo‘ is not always harmful. Some can even be friendly. They might just want help. Once their issues are resolved, they can finally rest.

25. Sirena

First off, let’s get a basic idea. A Sirena is similar to a mermaid. It’s a mythical creature that has a human upper body and a fish-like lower body.

Moving on, let’s delve into their appearance. In Filipino mythology, Sirenas are typically depicted as attractive women with lengthy hair. They possess captivating beauty that they frequently employ to entice fishermen.

Now, let’s focus on their abilities. Sirenas possess a captivating voice. They use it to sing melodic tunes. This music can mesmerize anyone who hears it, leading them into the sea.

But here’s the catch. Despite their alluring beauty and captivating voices, Sirenas are not always friendly. They can be dangerous. If you get too close, they might pull you under the water. Therefore, they’re often associated with drownings.

However, not all Sirenas are harmful. Some stories tell of Sirenas who fall in love with humans. These tales often end in tragedy, reflecting the clash between the human world and the underwater realm of the Sirenas.

26. Siyokoy

This creature is also known as the merman or male merfolk. It’s a fascinating part of Filipino mythology.

Specifically, the Siyokoy live in the water. It makes its home in the sea, rivers, or even deep wells. This makes sense since it’s compared to mermaids or mermen.

Now, what does a Siyokoy look like? This creature is often pictured with green, scaly skin, much like a fish. It has gills for breathing underwater. Most Siyokoys have a humanoid form but with fish-like features, including webbed hands and feet.

Interestingly, their appearance can vary. Some stories depict them with long, flowing hair, while others show them with bald heads. Regardless, their defining feature is their fish-like characteristics.

But what do Siyokoys do? Well, they’re known to interact with humans. Sometimes, they’re friendly, helping fishermen with their catch. Other times, they’re not so nice. There are tales of Siyokoys pulling people into the water. These stories serve as warnings to respect the sea.

27. Busaw

The Busaw is a fascinating character in Filipino mythology. It’s a ghoul, which is a type of evil spirit. What makes it special? Well, it’s known for its unique trickery.

In its natural form, the Busaw appears as a large bird. But it’s a master of disguise. It can shape-shift and take on the form of a human. Its favorite disguise is as an old, thin, and frail man.

But why does it transform into a human? Here’s the twist. The Busaw has a sinister purpose. It’s known for its love of feasting on human flesh, especially the dead.

It lurks around cemeteries and other places where the dead are buried. It uses its human disguise to trick people, leading them astray. Then, it digs up the dead bodies and devours them.

The Busaw is a symbol of fear and deception in Filipino culture. It’s a creature that showcases the darker side of mythology. It serves as a cautionary tale, reminding people to be wary of the unknown.

Despite being a creature of horror, the Busaw has a big role in Filipino folklore. It’s an integral part of the rich tapestry of stories that define the culture. It brings a thrilling edge to the already vibrant mythology of the Philippines.

28. Lambana

The Lambana is a Filipino mythical creature that sparks intrigue and fascination. Imagine a creature small in size, similar to fairies or elves in Western lore.

Typically, they dwell in forests, particularly in giant trees or anthills. These creatures prefer serene and peaceful surroundings. They live far away from the hustle and bustle of human life.

Lambanas exhibit a foreign beauty. They are often depicted as charming beings with delicate wings. But, don’t let their size fool you. Despite being small, Lambanas wield powerful magic. They can either be your aid or your adversary.

These creatures are known to be kind-hearted. They tend to help humans, especially those who respect nature. Show kindness to their homes, and you’ll likely earn their favor. However, disrespect them or harm their homes, and they may just use their magic against you.

In Filipino culture, Lambanas play a significant role. They represent the value of respect for nature. They teach a lesson – treat the environment with care, and it will care for you in return.

Moreover, Lambanas are a testament to the rich and vibrant Filipino folklore. They add a layer of enchantment and mystery to the Philippines’ cultural heritage. They are a story, a lesson, and a charm rolled into one captivating creature.

29. Mambabarang

Firstly, picture a Mambabarang as a witch-like figure. They are ordinary humans by day, but their true colors show at night. Unlike witches in Western culture, they use insects and spirits as tools for their mystic arts.

The Mambabarang’s power is unique. They cast spells by conjuring harmful insects. Imagine a swarm of beetles or a flood of spiders, all at their command. These insects inflict harm or sickness upon their victims.

Interestingly, the Mambabarang doesn’t work alone. They call upon spirits to aid them. These spirits, also known as ‘kamandag’, are their invisible accomplices. With their help, the Mambabarang can inflict illness and even death from afar.

However, the Mambabarang isn’t invincible. Filipino folklore tells us that they can be defeated. One must possess a deep knowledge of ancient rituals to ward off their harmful magic.

30. Manggagaway

Firstly, what exactly is this creature? In simple terms, the Manggagaway is a mythical being. It comes from the folklore of the Waray people, found in the Eastern Visayas region of the Philippines.

Now, let’s delve into its appearance. The Manggagaway typically takes the form of an old, haggard woman. However, don’t let this fool you! Despite its appearance, this creature possesses supernatural powers.

What does it do, you ask? The Manggagaway is notorious for causing sickness. It uses its magic to inflict illness on unsuspecting victims. This is where it gets its name, as ‘Manggagaway‘ translates to ‘one who causes harm’ in Waray.

So, how do you know if a Manggagaway is near? It’s believed that this creature emits a distinct odor. This scent, often described as similar to damp earth or rotting plants, acts as a warning sign.

But here’s the good news: there are ways to protect yourself. Folklore suggests using garlic, salt, or prayers to ward off the Manggagaway. These items are thought to disrupt the creature’s power, keeping you safe from harm.

31. Tiyanak

To start, the ‘Tiyanak‘ is a renowned Filipino mythical creature. It’s known to take the form of a baby to deceive unsuspecting victims. The illusion is very convincing. You might see a seemingly harmless infant, crying and alone. But beware, appearances can be deceiving.

This creature is far from helpless. When an unwary person picks up the ‘baby‘, the Tiyanak reveals its true form. Suddenly, the innocent baby morphs into a monstrous creature. It’s a chilling sight, to say the least. The Tiyanak then wreaks havoc, often harming or even killing its victim.

Now, you may wonder, where does the Tiyanak come from? Well, folklore offers various explanations. Some say that a Tiyanak is born when a baby dies without being baptized. Others believe it’s the spirit of an unborn child, seeking revenge for being denied life. Each tale adds a layer of mystery to this creature.

32. Alan

The ‘Alan‘ is a fascinating mythical creature from Filipino folklore. It’s a unique entity, unlike anything from Western mythology.

These creatures are said to have wings and live high up in the forest. Picture them as bird-like beings, except they have some strange, human-like features. Their fingers and toes, for example, are backward. This unique feature makes them stand out among other mythical creatures.

A big part of Alan’s story involves children. Here’s what’s interesting. The Alans are not typically menacing or harmful. Instead, they’re known as adoptive parents to human children.

It’s said that Alans collect stray baby teeth or afterbirth. Using these, they form children of their own. These ‘adopted’ children become as strong and magical as the Alans themselves.

However, Alan takes care of its adopted children only until they reach adulthood. Once grown, these children are free to return to the human world. It’s an unusual tale, but a fascinating one in Filipino mythology.

33. Amomongo

It’s often described as the Philippines’ version of Bigfoot. This creature is said to live deep in the forests, away from human settlements.

Let’s delve deeper into the legend. The Amomongo stands about 6 to 7 feet tall. It’s covered in long, thick hair from head to toe. This feature leads some people to call it the “Filipino Gorilla.”

Despite its size, the Amomongo is a very shy creature. It avoids human contact and prefers to live alone. This trait is the reason why sightings of this creature are rare.

The diet of the Amomongo is also interesting. It’s known to feast on chickens and goats, which it steals from local farms. Sometimes, it even leaves deep claw marks on bamboo trees. These marks serve as a sign of its presence.

However, there’s no need to fear the Amomongo. It’s not considered dangerous unless provoked. Many believe that it only attacks in self-defense.

34. Anggitay

It’s known for its captivating beauty and distinct features. Resembling a horse, the Anggitay has a white, gleaming body. But the most striking feature is its horn, much like a unicorn’s.

This creature is said to be a female entity. Her human-like upper body is a sight to behold. The Anggitay’s allure is undeniable, making her a legend in the country’s rich tapestry of myths.

The Anggitay is also known to have a fondness for shiny, precious things. She’s often associated with wealth and abundance. Yet, her behavior isn’t always benign. Anggitay can be mischievous or even harmful. She sometimes uses her charm to entice humans into traps.

Her habitat is as unique as she is. She resides in grassy plains and open fields, where she can roam freely. Her love for open spaces reflects her wild and free spirit.

35. Bantay-kubos

It’s a guardian spirit, known for its special abilities. First, let’s break down its name. In the Filipino language, “Bantay” means guard or watchman. “Kubo“, on the other hand, refers to a traditional Filipino hut. So, the term “Bantay-Kubo” literally translates to “guardian of the hut”.

Now, let’s dive into its traits. This creature is often described as a shape-shifting being. It can take the form of any household object inside the hut. This ability helps the Bantay-Kubo blend in and remain unnoticed.

It’s not just about hiding, though. The Bantay-Kubo’s main role is to protect. It guards the house from evil spirits and harmful intentions. If an unwanted entity tries to enter the house, the Bantay-Kubo springs into action. It uses its power to ward off the invader, ensuring the safety of the household.

However, the Bantay-Kubo requires something in return. The homeowners must show respect and care for their dwelling. This includes keeping it clean and orderly. If neglected, the Bantay-Kubo could become upset and abandon the home.

36. Hukluban

To start, the Hukluban is a mythical figure from the Philippines. Originating from the Tagalog culture, the name Hukluban comes from the word ‘huklob‘, which means ‘bent‘ or ‘stooped‘. This is a fitting name, as the creature is often described as an old, hunched woman.

The Hukluban is not just your average old lady, though. She possesses incredible powers, the most remarkable of which is shape-shifting. With this ability, she can transform into any object or living creature. Imagine one moment seeing a harmless mouse, only for it to morph into a fearsome tiger the next!

But that’s not all. The Hukluban can also manipulate her surroundings. She can cause death by simply waving a hand or uttering a word. Equally, she can bring life back to the dead with the same ease. Such terrifying powers often make her a figure of dread in the stories.

However, like many mythical creatures, the Hukluban is not purely evil. Some stories shed light on her complex personality. At times, she uses her powers for good, aiding those who respect and acknowledge her.


As we wrap up our journey through the compelling world of Filipino mythical creatures, it’s clear that these stories are far more than imaginative fantasies. They are significant pieces of Filipino culture, reflecting the values, dreams, and fears of the people. These timeless tales continue to resonate with Filipinos, connecting them with their roots and the wisdom of their forebears.

In the vast narrative of Filipino folklore, each mythical creature contributes to the Philippines’ story. As we bid farewell to the Tikbalang, the Aswang, and the others, we gain a deeper appreciation for the country’s rich cultural tapestry. This exploration of Filipino mythical creatures isn’t just an excursion into a magical universe. It’s a journey into the very essence of the Philippines.

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